Afrikaans Hoer, Germiston and University of Pretoria Extramural Division.
With South African Reserve Bank, Pretoria, 1955-1999, general manager, 1975-1976, deputy governor, 1976-1981, senior deputy governor, 1981-1985, director- general department finance, 1985-1989. Special economic advisor Minister of Finance, 1989. Governor South African Reserve Bank, Pretoria, 1989-1999.
Chancellor University Pretoria, since 1997.
Married Hester Barnard in 1958. 4 children.