Degree, Kurfüurst Friedrich Gymnasium, Heidelberg, Germany, 1987. Medical education, University Heidelberg, 1995.
Clerk in gynecology St. Georg's Hospital, Hamburg, Germany, 1991. Clerk in neurology University Heidelberg, 1993, subintern in internal medicine, surgery, 1995, fellow department cardiology, since 1996. Clerk in orthopedics Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, 1993.
Subintern in pediatrics Harvard University Medical School, 1995.
Medical assistant medical corps German Air Force, Würzburg and Frankfurt, Germany. Member German Cardiac Society, German National Scientific Council (grantee 1990-1995), Heart Failure Society of America, European Society Cardiology (working group on heart failure 2000).