AB, Princeton University, 1956; Master of Arts, Stanford University, 1959.
Administrative assistant, California Association Insurance Assemblies of God Theological Seminary, Berkeley, 1960-1962; finance writer, The San Diego Union, 1962-1968; assistant editor, Business Week, Los Angeles, 1968-1971; finance writer, The Honolulu Advertiser, 1971-1995; retired, 1995.
Board of directors Friends of the Cancer Research Center Hawaii, since 1984. Served to Lieutenant junior grade, United States Naval Reserve, 1956-1958. Member American Society Professional Journalists.
Married Marjorie Anne Nurse, June 21, 1959. Children: Suzanne Elizabeth, Patricia Louise (deceased), Sandra Kathleen.