Bachelor in Physics with honors, Oxford University, England, 1969. Master of Arts in Physics, Oxford University, England, 1974. Master of Science in Radio Astronomy, University Manchester, England, 1970.
Doctor of Philosophy in X-ray Astronomy, University College London, 1976. Doctor of Science, Bristol University, 2008.
Head remote sensing group Mullard Space Science Laboratory University College London, Dorking, Surrey, England, 1982-1994, associate director Mullard Space Science Laboratory England, 1990-1994, professor remote sensing science, 1991-1997. Executive director International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, Stockholm, 1994-1997. Honorary professor University College London, since 1998, University East Anglia, since 1999.
Director British Antarctic Survey, 1998—2007. Fellow St. Edmund's College, Cambridge, England, since 1999. Member joint committee International Council of Scientific Planning Group for International Polar Year 2007-2008, since 2005.
President science committee Antarctic research, since 2006. Member earth science advisory committee European Space Agency, since 2006. Director Science Museum, London, since 2007.
Associate Cambridge programme for industry, since 2007. Dsiting. visiting scientist National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory, since 2007. Fellow University College London, since 2008.
Fellow Royal Astronomical Society. Member American Geophysical Union, Remote Sensing Society.
Married Norma Kahn, June 13, 1970. Children: Emma Jane, Charlotte Anne.