AB, Swarthmore College, 1935. Juris Doctor, Harvard University, 1938. Graduate, United States Army Command and General Staff College, 1942.
Advanced course, United States Army Field Artillery School, 1945.
Private practice law, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, since 1939; member, Pennsylvania House of Representatives, 1954-1960; member, Pennsylvania Senate, since 1960; chairman joint legislation budget and finance commission, chairman consumer protection and professional licensure committee, vice-chairman appropriations committee, Pennsylvania Senate.
With United States Army, 1935-1974. To brigadier general Army National Guard, 1964-1974. To major general Pennsylvania National Guard, since 1974.
Member American Bar Association, United Auto Workers (honorary), UA (honorary), Pennsylvania Bar Association, Fraternal Order Police (honorary), Teamsters (honorary), Transport Workers Union (honorary), Military Government Association (past national president), Reserve Officers Association (past state president), Military Order World Wars, National Guard Association, Exchange Club (past state president), Masons (33d degree), also honorary member several other unions.
Married Mary James, November 24, 1939. Children: Clarence, Mary D.