Brigham, Claude Ernest was born on April 14, 1878 in Indianapolis, Indiana, United States. Son of Reeder Smith and Mary (Goe) Brigham.
Graduated from the United States Military Academy 1901. Honorary graduate Coast Artillery School, 1909, graduate advanced course, 1910.
Commissioned Second lieutenant Artillery Corps, 1901. Promoted through grades to major general and chief of Chemical Warfare Service, May 24, 1933. Instructor and director artillery and submarine mine defense, Coast Artillery School, 1914-1917.
Assistant to chief, Coast Artillery, Washington, District of Columbia, 1917-1919. Lieutenant colonel, colonel (temporary) Germany, England, 1919-1920. Commander Fort Monroe, officer in office of chief of C.W.S., 1921-1929.
Commanding officer Edgewood (Maryland.) Arsenal, and commandant Chemical Warfare School, 1929-1933. Chief of Chemical Warfare Service, 1933-1937. Major general, retired, 1937.
Clubs: Army and Navy Country (Washington).
Married Eliza Dorr, October 18, 1905. Children: Mary Elizabeth, Ernest Dorr (deceased).