Bachelor of Science, St. Saint Louis University, 1952; Master of Arts, Yale University, 1953.
Foreign service information officer Europe, Africa, United States Information Agency, Washington, 1957-1967; legislation assistant, Congressman Benjamin S. Rosenthal, Washington, 1967-1971; staff director sub commission on Europe, United States House Representatives, Washington, 1971-1975; consultant commission on foreign affairs, United States House Representatives, Washington, 1975-1976; foreign affairs adviser, United States Senator Paul S. Sarbanes, Washington, 1977-1980; freelance writer consultant, Washington, since 1981. Executive director American Council for Jean Monnet Studies, Washington, since 1987.
Served with United States Army, 1953-1956.
Married Beatrice Nied, September 6, 1954. Children: Nancy, Christopher, David, Carole, Peter, Claire, Andrew, Roger.