Bachelor, Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut, 1950. Master of Arts, Johns Hopkins, 1951. Doctor of Philosophy, Johns Hopkins, 1953.
Assistant professor Romance languages Johns Hopkins, 1954-1958. Member faculty Duke University, 1958-1967, 68-70, professor Romance languages, 1962-1970, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut, 1967-1968, University Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, since 1970. Consultant, lecturer in field, since 1954.
Served with Army of the United States, 1944-1946, PTO. Member Modern Language Association, Academy Literature Studies.
Married Margaret Grace Bryan, January 30, 1948. Children: Mark, Peter.