Bachelor cum laude, Hamline University, St. Paul, Minnesota, 1960. Master of Social Work, University Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1962. Doctor of Philosophy, University Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1966.
Assistant professor school social welfare University Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 1966-1969, University California, Berkeley, 1969-1971. Associate professor University Minnesota, Duluth, 1971-1979. Professor social work University Minnesota, Twin Cities, since 1980, director school social work, 1983-1991.
External examiner Chinese University Hong Kong., 1979-1998. Board directors Family and Children's Services, Minneapolis, 1985-1991. Associate secretary general Inter-University Consortium International Social Development, San Jose, California, since 1991.
President Minnesota Conference Social Work Education, 1992-1994. Adjunct professor Humphrey Institute Public Affairs, University Minnesota, Minneapolis, since 1999.
Board directors St. Jean's School, Duluth, 1974-1978, Twin Cities International Project for Youth Leaders and Social Workers, 1981-1988. Member National Association Social Workers (Lifetime achievement award Minnesota chapter 2001), Council Social Work Education, Association Community Organization and Social Administrn.
Married Georgiana Gillespie, June 14, 1964. Children: Patrick, Jonathan, Martha.