Attended, Seminary Aversa, Italy. Attended, Pontifical Regional Seminary, Salerno, Italy. Attended, Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome.
Doctor of Philosophy in Canon Law, Pontifical Lateran University, Rome. Doctor of Philosophy in Philosophy, La Sapienza University, Rome.
Ordained priest Diocese of Aversa, Italy, 1967. Faculty member Pontifical Lateran University. Diplomatic posts Secretariat of State of Vatican City, 1972—1987, assessor for general affairs, 1987—1992.
President Commission for Vatican Telecommunications. Ordained bishop, 1992. Secretary Congregation of the Clergy, Rome, 1992—2001.
Elevated to cardinal, 2001. Cardinal-priest Dio Padre misericordioso, since 2001. Prefect Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, Rome, 2001—2006.
Archbishop Archdiocese of Naples, since 2006. General secretary of central committee Great Jubilee Year of 2000, Rome, 1997. President Peregrinatio ad Petri Sedem, 1997—2001.
Grand chancellor Pontifical Urbanian University, Rome, 2001—2006. Member Congregations for the Clergy, for the Doctrine of the Faith, Pontifical Councils for Inter-religious Dialogue, for Promoting Christian Unity, for Legislative Texts, Pontifical Commission for Latin American.