Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
She has previously served in several ministerial positions, and on 4 May 2006 became the first female speaker of the Knesset, and served as President of Israel in an interim capacity from January to July 2007. They have three children, Ran, Uri and Adi. The family lives in Jerusalem"s Ramat Sharett neighborhood.
Before being elected to the 13th Knesset in 1992, Itzik served as the deputy mayor of Jerusalem.
After being re-elected in 1996 and 1999, she was appointed Minister of the Environment in Ehud Barak"s government, serving from 1999 until 2001. In 2001 she became Minister of Industry and Trade, before leaving the cabinet in 2002.
Re-elected in 2003, Itzik served as Minister of Communications in 2005. Following the 2006 elections she became Knesset speaker.
On 25 January 2007, Israeli President Moshe Katzav took a three month leave of absence, and on 1 July of that year, resigned the office in a plea bargain.
The speaker of the Knesset stands first in the line of succession, making Itzik acting President. She served as the official head of State until Shimon Peres formally took over on 15 July 2007. After winning third place on the party"s list, Itzik retained her seat in the 2009 elections and later became the chairperson of the party.
On 5 December 2012, in the days leading up to the 2013 elections while polls showed Kadima either barely getting into the Knesset or not even passing the threshold, Itzik announced she was taking a break from politics and dropping out of the race.
Itzik contested in the 2014 Israeli presidential election, coming third with 28 votes. Her supporters came from across the political spectrum.
In 2006 she defected to Ariel Sharon"s newly formed party, Kadima.