Daniel Fowle attended Bingham Academy, where he finished first in his class, and Princeton University. Upon graduating from Princeton in 1851 he studied law at Richmond Hill Law School and began a practice in Raleigh, North Carolina.
He had served as a state superior court judge from 1865 to 1867. According to popular legend, the ghost of Government. Fowle has haunted the North Carolina Executive Mansion from time to time.
Fowle was the first governor to live in the residence, and he also died within lieutenant
Samuel Fowle had moved to North Carolina from Massachusetts in 1815 and was a wealthy merchant. Fowle was opposed to secession, but he still volunteered as a private in the North Carolina Militia.
He was soon appointed major in the commissary branch. He resigned that post and helped to raise the 31st North Carolina Infantry regiment.
On September 9, 1861, Fowle was appointed lieutenant colonel of the regiment.
In February 1862, Fowle and the 31st North Carolina were captured on Roanoke Island. He was paroled two weeks later. In September 1862, he was defeated in the election for colonel of the regiment and left the Confederate States Army.
In October, he was elected to the state legislature representing Wake County, North Carolina.
In March 1863, Zebulon B. Vance appointed Fowle adjutant general of North Carolina with the rank of major general. Fowle resigned the post in the fall of 1863 after a disagreement with Vance.
Fowle was reelected to the legislature in 1864. Fowle returned to his law practice and made a name for himself in the state Democratic Party.
In 1868, he was elected as the state chairman of the Democratic Party.
In 1880 he was defeated in the gubernatorial election and in 1884 he lost a race for Congress. He created a state railroad commission to protect farmers and advocated for education for women. He died while in office and is buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Raleigh.