AB, Columbia College, 1964. Doctor of Philosophy, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1968.
Senior fellow Brookings Institution, Washington, 1978-1979. Chief economist United States Pay Board, 1972-1973. Professor economics School Management, University of California at Los Angeles, since 1968.
Director Institute Industrial Relations, University of California at Los Angeles, 1979-1990.
Member American Economic Association (program committee 1988-1989, nominating committee 1981-1983), Industrial Relations Research Association (executive board 1981-1989), Human Resource Outlook Panel.
Married Alice Tolk, August 28, 1966. Children: Nina A., Joshua W.