David Davidovich Burliuk’s father was of a Cossack origin, and the relatives of the artist’s mother came from Poland.
David Davidovich Burliuk was born on July 21, 1882, in Semirotovshchina village, Khar’kov Governorate, Russian Empire (currently the Sumy Oblast of Ukraine). He was a first-born of David Fedorovich Burliuk, an estate manager, and Lyudmila Iosifovna Mikhnevich.
David Burliuk had two younger brothers named Vladimir and Nikolay and three sisters named Lyudmila, Marianne and Nadezhda. Lyudmila and Vladimir chose the profession of an artist and Nikolay became a poet.