BJuris, University Western Australia, Perth.
Member University Western Australia Liberal Club, 1974—1979, Liberal Party Kalgoorlie/Boulder Branch, 1986—2001, president, 1986—1988, Liberal Party, 1997—2001. Member Liberal Party Mount Pleasant Branch, 2001. Senator for Western Australia Parliament Australia, since 2002, member standing committees on privileges, publications and scrutiny of bills, 2002—2007, member senate select committee on ministerial discretion in migration matters, 2003—2004, member senate select committee on administration of indigenous affairs, 2004.
Minister justice and customs Government Australia, 2007.