Bachelor of Science, Indiana State College, 1941; Master of Sciences, University Wisconsin, 1946; Doctor of Philosophy, University Wisconsin, 1951.
Instructor history, Carnegie Institute Technology, 1948-1951; assistant professor, then associate professor, Columbia Teachers College, 1951-1957; faculty, University of Wisconsin, 1957-1965; professor of history, University of Wisconsin, 1960-1965; professor, department chairman history, U. Maryland., 1965-1968; professor, department chairman history, Rutgers University, 1968-1969; professor of history, dean faculty arts and science, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, 1969-1971; vice president, provost, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, 1971-1981; Commonwealth professor of history, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, from 1975; professor emeritus, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, until 1991. Teacher University of California at Berkeley, 1957, U. Stockholm, 1959, U. Lund, Sweden, 1960, U. Aix-Marseille, France, 1962-1963. Thomas Jefferson visiting fellow Downing College, U. Cambridge, England, fall 1976.
(1971 REISSUE OF THE 1959 CLASSIC, HARDCOVER, 425 PAGES)
Served with United States Army Air Force, 1943-1945. Member Organization American Historians (past executive committee), Virginia History Society (trustee 1981-1991), American History Association, Southern History Association.
Married Jane Short, August 31, 1940. Children: Molly Shannon Osborne, Sarah Shannon Olson.