Bachelor of Arts Michigan, 1947. Master of Arts, University Michigan, 1949. Doctor of Philosophy, University Michigan, 1959.
Master of Arts, certificate of Russian Institute, Columbia, 1954.
Instructor English Valparaiso (Indiana) University, 1949-1950, University Oregon Extension, 1950-1952, Eastern Michigan University, 1955-1957. Instructor Russian University Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1955-1956, assistant professor English, 1960-1963, associate professor English, 1963-1968. Assistant professor English Eastern Michigan University, 1957-1959, University Alberta, 1959-1960.
Professor, chairman department English Idaho State University, Pocatello, 1968-1972, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, 1972-1974. Professor, head department English Texas Agricultural and Mechanical University, College Station, 1975-1987. Professor Deep Springs (California )College, from 1990.
Served with United States Naval Reserve, 1944-1946. Served with United States Merchant Marine, 1947-1948. Member Modern Language Association (assembly member 1971-1974), Modern Language Association (president Rocky Mountain chapter 1969-1970), College English Association (president Pacific Northwest 1968-1970), National Council Teachers English (college committee 1980-1984), Phi Kappa Phi.
Married Diane Silva, July 25, 1949. Children: Marc Silva, Christopher David.