Bachelor, University California, Berkeley, 1981. Master of Arts, School International Training, 1990. Doctor of Philosophy, Victoria University Wellington, New Zealand, 2001.
Trainer/consultant business and crosscultural skills, 1981—1988. Program director World Learning Inc., Belmont, California, 1990—1992. Lectr International Communications Department Shih Chier College, Taipei, 1992—1994.
Lecturer Communications Department Wellington Polytechnic, 1995—1997. Senior lecturer Victoria University Wellington, since 2001.
Member of Association Information Systems.