AB, Amherst College, 1942. Master of Arts, University Pennsylvania, 1945. Doctor of Philosophy, University Pennsylvania, 1957.
With Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, 1942-1981, president, 1970-1981, retired, 1981. Director Vanguard Group, General Accident Group, United Medical Corporation. Trustee Penn Mutual Life Insurance Company.
Instructor University Pennsylvania, summer 1945, spring 1947.
Member American Philosophical Society.
Married Phyllis Ann Groff, June 25, 1949. Children: David Rodman, Stephen Frazier, Susan Barbara, Laurie Annual.