Master in Commerce, University Calcutta, India, 1962. Bachelor of Laws, University Calcutta, 1964. Master of Letters, Annamalai University, India, 1965.
Doctor of Philosophy, Annamalai University, 1973.
Lecturer Annamalai University, 1968-1976. Reader University Madras, India, 1976-1982, professor, since 1982, registrar, 1996-1998.
Member All India Commerce Association (life).
Married Bai Vasantha, February 17, 1964. Three children.