Bachelor, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, 1968. Master of Arts, Oxford University, England.
Commissioned ensign United States Navy, advanced through grades to admiral, 1999. Commander United States Ship Cochrane, Yokosuka, Japan, 1984-1986, Naval Station Pearl Harbor, 1989-1990, Kitty Hawk Battlegroup, 1993-1995. Associate director military support Central Intelligence Agency, 1995-1996.
Staff member National Security Council. Director The Joint Staff, United States Department Defense, Washington, 1996-1999. Commander in chief United States Pacific Command, Camp Her Majesty Smith, Hawaii, 1999—2002.
President Institute Defense Analyses, Alexandria, Virginia, 2003—2006. John M. Shalikashvili Chair in National Security Studies National Bureau Asian Research, Washington, since 2007. Omar Bradley chair strategic leadership United States Army War College/Dickinson College, 2007.
Director Office National Intelligence, 2009—2010. Board directors EDO Corporation, 2002—2006, Tyco International Ltd., 2003—2009, Iridium Satellite LLC, since 2007.
Married Diane Everett. Children: Duncan, Pamela.