Bachelor in Comparative Literature and Sociology, University Ljubljana, Slovenia, 1970. Doctor of Philosophy in Sociology, Brandeis University, 1976.
Lecturer, assistant, associate professor University Ljubljana, 1970-1992, professor, since 1992. Minister Ministry Foreign Affairs, Slovenia, 1990-1993. Member National Assembly, Republican of Slovenia, 1993-1995.
Mayor City of Ljubljana, 1995-1997. Ambassador to the United States, Mexico Washington, 1997—2000. Minister of foreign affairs Republic of Slovenia, 2000—2004, minister foreign affairs, since 2004.