in July 1943, the King, the Duke d'Acquarone, and Generals Ambrosio and Castellano were planning to arrest Mussolini, Grandi got wind of the plot. He led a revolt within the Grand Council and secured a majority for his motion calling for a return to constitutional government (July 25). The king dismissed Mussolini, but Grandi's hopes to be called to take over the government along with Count Ciano and Federzoni were disappointed for the king summoned Marshal Badoglio as head of the government. Grandi left for Portugal during the summer and a few months later found himself proscribed by both sides: for Fascist crimes by the regular government, and for treason by the Fascist "Social Republic." Tried in his absence by the National Purge Commission after World War II, he was acquitted on Dec. 1, 1947. He later returned to Italy.