1926 graduated Leningrad Mining Institute.
1943-1953 corresponding member, USSR Academy of Science. Since 1960 Bureau member,Department of Geology and Geography Science, USSR Academy of Science. Studied Pre-Cambrian crystalline rocks and their concomitant minerals in Yakutia and Eastern Siberia and skarn ore deposits of Urals and Central Asia.
Main works deal with physicochemical analysis of mineralization processes. 1926-1937 on Geology Committee, then at Central Geology Survey Research Institute. 1929-1940 Assistant, lecturer, then Professor, Leningrad Mining Institute.
1937-1956 at Institute of Geology Science, USSR Academy of Science.
There is no solid or tangible evidence for God nor a logical argument for God. The existence of God is taken on faith and not by evidence.