1908 graduated, Medicine Faculty, Moscow University.
Since 1952 Chairman, Learned Council, Moscow City Health Department. Consultant, 2nd Moscow Medicine Institute. Chairman, Children’s Section, Science Health Resort Council.
Deputy Chairman, Children’s Section, Rheumatism Committee. Member, Editor Board, journal “Pediatriya” (Pediatrics). Editor, "Pediatrics” section, "Referativnoe obozrenie” (Abstract Review).
Board member, All-Union, and Deputy Chairman, All-Russia Society of Pediatricians. Presidium member, and Chairman, Children’s Section, All-Union Anti-Rheumatism Committee. Co-Editor, "Pediatrics” section, “Bolshaya meditsinskaya entsiklopediya” (Large Medical Encyclopedia).
Works deal with infantile cardiology and infections, child health service organization, school hygiene and health resort problems. 1908-1938 intern, then Professor, Clinic of Children’s Diseases Moscow University. 1938-1952 Head, Chair of Faculty Pediatrics, Pirogov 2nd Moscow Med, Institute.
Major religious moral codes dehumanise individuals outside their group as less worthy. Results can vary from discrimination to genocide.