Bachelor of Science, Iowa State Colonel, 1943. Master of Science, University Colorado, 1949. Doctor of Philosophy in Civil Engineering, University Illinois, 1955.
Junior mine engineer Phelps Dodge Corporation, Arizona, 1943-1944. Mine engineer, explorations department Potash Company American, New Mexico, 1944-1947. From assistant professor to associate professor Civil Engineering Colonel Advertising & Marketing University Puerto Rico, 1946-1950, head department, 1950-1951.
Partner Foundation Engineering Company, Puerto Rico, 1951-1955. From associate professor to professor Civil Engineering and Geology University Illinois, Urbana, 1955-1976. Affiliate professor Department Geology and Civil Engineering University Florida, since 1972.
Consultant National Academy of Sciences. President International Society Rock Mechanics, 1968-1973. Chairman United States National Committee on Tunneling Technology, 1972.
International consultant hydroelectric engineering, since 1972. Consultant Geologic Society of America, 1976-1979.
Member National Academy of Sciences, American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Academy Engineering, Geological Society of America, American Society of Civil Engineers, Association Professional Geological Sciences, Society Mining Engineers.
Married, 1944; two children.