AB, University of Wisconsin, 1930; Doctor of Philosophy, Harvard, 1936.
Instructor philosophy, Dartmouth, 1936-1938; associate professor philosophy, College William and Mary, 1938-1946; associate professor, University of Chicago, 1946-1959; professor, University of Chicago, 1959-1963; chairman, College Social Science Group, 1958-1961; professor philosophy and social science, Syracuse University, since 1963; director public affairs and citizenship Maxwell School, Syracuse University, 1963-1975; emeritus, Syracuse University, since 1975; Adjunct Professor public affairs, Syracuse University, 1989-1994. Visiting professor College of the Atlantic, Bar Harbor, Maine, 1979-1983, faculty, since 1983.
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Served from private to 1st lieutenant Army of the United States, 1942-1946. Member American Civil Liberties Union (director Illinois), American Association of University Professors, Phi Beta Kappa. Clubs: Hyde Park Neighborhood (director).
Married Betty Moore, August 25, 1941. Children: Alexander M., Douglas, Elizabeth, Donald Stuart.