Bachelor, University Puget Sound, 1950. Master of Arts, Northwestern University, 1951.
Assistant professor, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1951-1965; professor emeritus department theatre, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, 1965-1991. Consultant in field.
With United States Navy, 1944-1946. Member of the United States Institute for Theater Technology.
Married Clara Jane Kelly, January 31, 1949. Children: Kevin D., Krissy Annual, Shannon Maria.