Bachelor of Fine Arts magna cum laude, University Buffalo, 1949.
Graphic designer Remington Rand Corporation, Buffalo, 1973. Instructor Albright Art School, 1949—1953. From assistant to associate professor art University Buffalo, 1954—1963.
Acting chair department, 1961. Professor art, head communications design State University of New York-Buffalo, since 1964. Consultant New York State Arts Council, 1959—1971.
With Civil Engineering United States Army, 1943-1946, European Theatre of Operations.
Member of Phi Beta Kappa, College Creative Education Foundation, American Association of University Professors, Member Art Dirs./Comm. Buffalo (Osborn award 1981).