AB, Oberlin College, 1923; Master of Arts, University of Wisconsin, 1935.
Assistant professor social science, International College, Izmir, Turkey, 1931-1935;
adjunct lecturer, American University of Beirut, 1934-1935;
James-Rowe fellow, American Academy Political and Social Science, Turkey, 1936-1937;
assistant professor sociology, Beloit (Wisconsin) College, 1938-1942;
manager Near East section, Office of Strategic Superior vena cava syndrome, Division Research and Analysis, 1941-1943;
cultural attache, American Embassy, Ankara, 1943-1950;
principal officer, United States Consulate, Mashhad, Iran, 1952-1954;
deputy examiner, Foreign Svc., 1954-1955;
first secretary of embassy, Taipei, 1955-1957;
research writer history office, Department State, Washington, 1957-1959. Teacher, administrator American Academy for girls, Üsküdar, Istanbul, 1961-1965. Field researcher, turkey, 1960, 68, 72, 73, 77, 80, 81.
Speaker international conference, 1980, 81, American History Association, 1980. Research associate Blaisdell Cultures and religions, Claremont, since 1960. Program planner FulbrightPrograms, Department State, 1950-1952.
Counselor University of Wisconsin, 1927-1931, Ohio State, 1935-1936.
Honorary member Turk Tarin Kurumu/Turkish History Society, 1988. Member Pilgrim Place in Claremont (finance committee, board directors).
Married Mabel Ruth Whaley, 1925.