Bachelor of Arts University Saskatchewan, 1944. Master of Arts University Toronto, 1946. Doctor of Philosophy Cornell University, 1949.
Assistant Professor, Association Professor, Professor of Economics, University Washington, 1950-1966. Professor, Graduate School Management, University Rochester, 1966-1974. Professor, Executive Officer Doctor of Philosophy Program Economics,
City University New York, 1974-1976.
Professor, Simon Fraser University, British Columbia, 1976-1978. Professor, Director, Center Study Business Govt, Baruch College, City University New York, United States of America, since 1978.
A search model of employment with an argument for the invalidity of dynamic equations which depend on expectations (with A. J. Hynes). The distinction between relative and absolute value in classical and Marxian economics: the latter is a definition and not subject to empirical, logical or normative refutation. The methodological position that operational propositions cannot be derived from the maximising calculus, but stem from the hypothesis of stable tastes.
A test of the proposition that rapid economic growth in Canada in 1901-1910 was primarily due to staple exports (with E. J. Chambers). And an independent development of implicit contracts as an explanation for lay-offs, job-rationing and unemployment.