Student, Lynn Hospital, Massachusetts, 1951. Master of Science, University Massachusetts, 1975. Master of Arts in Teaching, University Massachusetts, 1973.
Doctor of Education, Vanderbilt University, 1989.
Director nursing division American International College, Springfield, Massachusetts, 1975-1977. Chair department nursing Colby-Sawyer College, New London, New Hampshire, 1980-1984. Executive director New Hampshire Board of Nursing, Concord, since 1990.
Member American Nurses Association, American Public Health Association, National League of Nursing, Sigma Theta Tau.