Assistant Tutor Commerce, Birmingham University, 1946. Assistant Lector, Lector, Reader Political Economics, University London, 1947-1949, 1950-1956, 1957. Newton Chambers Professor of Economics, University Sheffield, 1957-1963.
Visiting Professor, Duke University, United States of America, 1960-1961. Professor Applied Economics, University Manchester, 1963-1965. Professor Managerial Economics, Department Director, Manchester Business School, 1965-1981,1978-1981.
Director Economics, Models Ltd., 1970-1978, The Laird Group, 1976-1979. Offices and Honours Rapporteur, Editor General, IE A, 1953-1978, since 1981. Consultant, Secretariat, National Economics Development Council, 1962-1963. Member, United Kingdom Treasury Working Party, Management Training Civil Service, 1965-1967.
Working Party, Local Government Training Board, 1969-1970. Deputy Chairman, United Kingdom Price Committee, 1977. Member, Council, Manchester Business School, since 1964.
Chairman, Manchester Industrial Relations Society, 1964-1966. President, North-West Oregon Group, 1967-1969. Economics Adviser, Mrs Thatcher Government Election Campaign, 1979.
Adviser, United Kingdom Prime Minister’s Policy Unit, 1979-1983. Commander of the British Empire, Knighted, 1978, 1982. Professorial Fellow, Oxford Centre Management Studies, 1981-.
Chairman, Economics and Social Research Council, London, England, 1983-.