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Dr. Hildegard HAMM-BRÜCHER

politician , member of the German Bundestag , Member of the Landtag of Bavaria , Parliamentary Secretary in Germany

Dr. Hildegard HAMM-BRÜCHER, German former Member of the Bundestag. Dr.h.c.

Background

Hamm-Brücher was born in Essen, Germany and grew up with four siblings in a non-political, bourgeois family. Her father was director of an electric firm. Her mother maintained the household.

Education

Abitur (advanced matriculation examination), 1939. University of München, Diploma of Chemistry, Dr.Phil., 1945. University of Harvard/United States of America, Scholarship, 1949-1950.

Study trips to United States of America, Canada, Scandinavia, Soviet Union, China, Israel, Japan.

Career

She held federal state secretary positions from 1969 to 1972 and from 1977 to 1982. In 1993 she became the Free Democratic Party's candidate for the federal presidency elections to be held the following year. She received her doctorate in chemistry in 1945 and began working as a science journalist for the "Neue Zeitung", an American-run newspaper, in what was then still occupied Germany.

Hamm-Brücher joined the Free Democratic Party in 1948. She was elected to the Munich city council from 1948 to 1954, the Landtag of Bavaria from 1950 to 1966 and again from 1970 to 1976, and the Bundestag from 1976 to 1990. Hamm-Brücher focussed much of her work on education policy, and was appointed as secretary of state to the Hessian and federal Ministry for Education in 1967 and 1969, respectively.

In 1982, the Free Democratic Party left that coalition in order to form a new coalition with the Christian Democratic Union. Rather than holding new elections, the Free Democrats supported a constructive vote of no confidence against Chancellor Helmut Schmidt and in favor of Christian Democrat Helmut Kohl. Hamm-Brücher prominently opposed the new coalition itself, as well as the method of switching coalitions without an election.

Her party nominated her as the Free Democrat's candidate in the German presidential election in 1994. However, the Free Democratic Party, then still in a coalition with the much larger Christian Democratic Union under Chancellor Kohl, ultimately chose to support the Christian Democrat's candidate Roman Herzog. In 2002, she left the Free Democratic Party after a controversy with Jürgen Möllemann about his antisemitic election campaign.

Achievements

  • Herzog went on to win the election with the combined majority of Christian and Free Democrats.

Religion

Her grandmother came from an industrial family, whose ancestors had converted from Judaism to Protestantism.

Politics

She also served as a Minister of State in the German Foreign Office from 1977 to 1982, while her party was part of a coalition government with the Social Democratic Party.

Membership

Clubs: Foundation Theodor Heuss Prize (chairman), since 1964. Presiding board, German Evangelical Church Convention, since 1975. Synod of German Evangelical Church.

International Poets, Playwrights, Essayists, Editors and Novelists (Club) Club. Board of trustees. Peace Prize of the German Book Trade. Governing board, Welle.

Connections

acquaintance:
Pastor Martin Niemöller