Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty Veterinary Sciences, Utrecht, The Netherlands, 1983. Doctor of Philosophy in Agriculture, Wageningen (The Netherlands) U, 1994.
Swine fever control researcher Ministry Agriculture, The Netherlands, 1983, district veterinary officer Zambia, 1985-1987, veterinary research officer Zambia, 1987-1990, policy officer The Netherlands, 1991-1997, senior policy expert The Netherlands, since 1997. Research assistant Faculty Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht, The Netherlands, 1983-1985. Research fellow University Wageningen, The Netherlands, 1990-1991.
Committee member Society Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventative Medicine, England, since 1998. Lecturer European University, 1999.
Member Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine (junior vice president since 2003), Dutch Veterinary Society for Epidemiology.