1935 completed postgrad, course at Leningrad Institute of Linguistics.
1935-1940 Learned Secretary, then Director, Leningrad Institute of Linguistics. After amalgamation of this institutes with the Marr Institute of Language and Thought, USSR Academy of Science, became senior associate of this institutes. Simultaneously taught hist, and Estonia literature at Leningrad University and Gertsen Pedagogical Institute, Leningrad.
Since 1940 worked in Estonia government and Party organs. 1950-1955 Head, Chair of Estonia Language and Lit., Tallinn Pedagogical Institute.
Religion is bad because it makes people base the way they run their lives on a falsehood.