Graduate, Philadelphia College Art, 1949. Bachelor of Science, New York University, 1965. Master of Arts, New York University, 1985.
Instructor, critic, Philadelphia College Art, Cooper Union, New York City, 1949-1966; associate professor, Graduate School Fine Arts, University of Pennsylvania, 1968-1970; director, School Art and Design, University of Illinois, Chicago, 1972-1978; research professor art, School Art and Design, University of Illinois, 1977-1980; dean of visual arts, State University of New York, Purchase, 1980-1985; department chairman art, Cornell Univercity, 1985-1986; provost, University of the Arts, 1986-1991; provost, Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, New York City, 1991-1995; provost, Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, since 1995. Consultant National Endowment Arts, United States Information Agency. Consultant in field.
Member College Art Association American, International Council Fine Arts Deans, Caxton Club, Grolier Club.