University of Chicago, Graduate. Work, Bachelor of Philosophy. University of Munich, Geneva, 1 yr.
Appointed American Vice-Consul, Moscow, 1918. On detail as Vice-Consul various cities in Siberia, 1918-1920, stationed at Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Omsk, Chita. Vice-Consul, Harbin, China, 1920-1923.
On special detail at Chita, 1921-1923 at time of Washington Conference. Consul Kobe, Japan, 1924-1927, Nagoya, Japan, 1927-1928, Mukden, China,, Harbin, China, since 1929.
Clubs: Harbin, Harbin Golf, Kobe, Kobe Golf, Mukden, Mukden Golf.