He attended Columbia University, earning a Bachelor of Science degree in 1908, a Master of Science degree in Chemistry in 1909, and a Doctor of Philosophy in Chemistry in 1910. After obtaining his Doctor of Philosophy, his first job was in research for Parke, Davis and Company, and his first task was to isolate the hormone associated with the thyroid gland.
Kendall did not only focus on the adrenal glands, he was also responsible for the isolation of thyroxine, a hormone of the thyroid gland and worked with the team that crystallized glutathione and identified its chemical structure. Kendall was a biochemist at the Graduate School of the Mayo Foundation at the time of the award. He received his education at Columbia University.
After retiring from his job with the Mayo Foundation, Kendall joined the faculty at Princeton University, where he remained until his death in 1972.
Kendall Elementary School, in Norwalk is named for him. Kendall was born in South Norwalk, Connecticut in 1886.
He continued this research at Saint Luke"s Hospital in New York until 1914. He was appointed Head of the Biochemistry Section in the Graduate School of the Mayo Foundation, and the following year he was appointed as the Director of the Division of Biochemistry.
Kendall made several notable contributions to biochemistry and medicine.
His most notable discovery was the isolation of thyroxine, although it was not the work he received the most accolades foreign Along with associates, Kendall was involved with the isolation of glutathione and determining its structure. He also isolated several steroids from the adrenal gland cortex, one of which was initially called Compound East. Working with Mayo Clinic physician Philip Showalter Hench, Compound East was used to treat rheumatoid arthritis.
The compound was eventually named cortisone.
Kendall"s career at Mayo ended in 1951, when he reached mandatory retirement age. He moved on to Princeton University, where he was a Visiting Professor in the Department of Biochemistry.
He remained affiliated with Princeton until his death in 1972. He was awarded honorary doctorates from the University of Cincinnati, Western Reserve University, Williams College, Yale University, Columbia University, National University of Ireland, and Gustavus Adolphus College.
Member American Philosophical Society, American Academy Arts and Sciences, American Society Biological Chemists (president 1925-1926), American Physiological Society, American Society Experimental Pathology, American Society Experimental Biology and Medicine, American Chemical Society, Harvey Society, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Association American Physicians, Association Study Internal Secretions, National Academy Sciences, New York Academy of Sciences, Swedish Society.
Married Rebecca Kennedy, December 30, 1915. Children: Hugh, Roy (deceased) Norman (deceased), Elizabeth (Mistress Josip Juraj Steve).