Wood, Edward Edgar was born on September 17, 1846 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States. Son of Honorary Day and Eliza (Jackson) Wood.
Student Pennsylvania State Normal School, Millersville, 1860-1862. Graduated from the United States Military Academy, 1870.
Enlisted private 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry, September 8, 1862. Promoted sergeant, 1st sergeant, First lieutenant, acting regimental adjunct and staff officer on staff 1st Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac. Honorary mustered out August 7, 1865.
Captured at Occoquan, Virginia, December 27, 1862, and confined in Castle Thunder, Richmond, Virginia, exchanged May 1863, and thereafter present in all campaigns and battles of cavalry corps, Army of the Potomac, including Gettysburg, Kilpatrick’s Richmond Raid, Wilderness, Trevillian, Winchester, Five Forks and Appomattox. Appointed cadet United States Military Academy, June 15, 1866. Second lieutenant 8th Cavalry, June 15, 1870.
First lieutenant, July 1, 1873. Captain, January 20, 1886. A.-d.-c. to General J. M. Schofield, United States of America, 1879-1882.
Assistant professor French, United States Military Academy, 1876-1879 and 1883-1886. Assistant professor Spanish, 1889-1892. Lieutenant colonel United States of America and professor United States Military Academy, October 1, 1892.
Colonel, October 1, 1902. Brigadier general and retired, September 17, 1910. Home: West Chester, Pa.