Bachelor of Science in Biology, City University of New York, 1965. Master of Science, Wagner College, 1968. Doctor of Philosophy in Microbiology, St. John's University, 1973.
Medical technologist 34th General Hospital United States Army, Orleans, France, 1957-1959. Bacteriology technical Mount Sinai Hospital, New York City, 1959-1960, associate director microbiology, 1969—1974, director microbiology department, 1975. Bacteriology technical Mount Vernon (New York ) Hospital, 1962.
Supervisor bacteriologist Greenpoint Hospital, Elmhurst Hospital, 1962—1969. From associate professor to professor micriobiology, 1975—1981. Professor medicine Mount Sinai School Medicine, New York City, 1994—2008, professor emeritus in medicine-infectious disease, since 2008.
From adjunct instructor to professor medical microbiology/pathology Mount Sinai School Medicine, New York City, since 1970.
Fellow American Academy Microbiology (diplomate, Sonnenwirth memorial award 1996, Professional Recognition award 2002). Member American Society Microbiology (Distinguished Achievements in Clinical Microbiology award New York City branch 1995), AOA, Society Infectious Diseases, New York Academy of Sciences.