Bachelor, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, 1941. Postgraduate, University Cincinnati, 1942.
Editor, co-public, Nelsonville (Ohio) Tribune, 1945-1948; director bureau public information, Duke U., Durham, North Carolina, 1948-1952; member United States delegate, N. Atlantic Council, Paris, 1952-1953; associate editor, Rocky Mount (North Carolina) Evening Telegram, 1953-1957; editor, public, Fike Newspapers, Lewistown and Glendive, Montana, 1957-1962; also, Fike Newspapers, Wilmington and Tujunja, California, 1957-1968; associate editor, Richmond (Virginia) News Leader, 1968-1970; director news and editorial analysis, Copley Newspapers, 1970-1977; editor editorial pages, San Diego Union, 1977-1990. Lecturer journalism San Diego State University, San Diego Evening College.
Parole commissioner San Diego County, 1993-1994, president advisory council San Diego State University, 1988-1993. Board director Hubbs Seaworld Research Institute and Midway Aircraft/Carrier Museum Grossmont Hospital Foundation, Armed Service Young Men's Christian Association Lieutenant United States Naval Reserve, 1942-1945. Member of Omicron Delta Kappa.
Married Rosa Amanda Drake, April 1, 1952. Children: Rosa, Evelyn, Amy, Melinda.