Bachelor, Tufts University, 1951. Master of Arts, Tufts University, 1961. Doctor of Philosophy, University Iowa, 1976.
Actor, technician, Cleveland Playhouse, 1951-1955;
member of faculty department English, Carleton College, Northfield, Minnesota, since 1969;
professor, Carleton College, since 1982. Actor, director, stage manager summer stock theatres, New York, Ohio, Maryland., Massachusetts, Missouri and Pennsylvania, 1951-1963. Director New Ulm Heritagefest, Minnesota, 1976-1977, Original Opera, Northfield, 1982.
Tenure consultant University of Minnesota-Morris, 1983, 87, St. Olaf College, Northfield, 1984.
Served with United States Navy, 1944-1946, European Theatre of Operations and PTO. Member Association Theatre in Higher Education, Actors Equity Association.
Married Antoinette Hurwitz, February 11, 1962. Children: Brian David, Hilary.