Bachelor, Tulane University, 1944. Master of Arts, Tulane University, 1948. Doctor of Philosophy, University Pennsylvania, 1954.
Instructor English Loyola University, 1950-1953, assistant professor, 1953-1957, associate professor, 1957-1958. Assistant professor University New Orleans, 1958-1960, associate professor, 1960-1965, professor, from 1965, chairman department, 1964-1966, dean college Liberal Arts, 1966-1969, 79-86. Fulbright lecturer American literature Ankara University, Turkey, 1963-1964.
Served with United States Naval Reserve, 1944-1946. Member Modern Language Association, American Studies Association, Louisiana History Association.