Edward Patrick Allen was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Bishop of Mobile from 1897 until his death in 1926.
Allen, Edward Patrick was born on March 17, 1853 in Lowell, Massachusetts, United States. Son of John and Mary (Egan) Allen.
He received his early education in the public schools of his native city, and attended Lowell Commercial College before entering Mount St. Mary's Seminary in Emmitsburg, Maryland.
He earned a Master of Arts degree with honors in 1878, and remained at Mount St. Mary's for his theological studies. On December 17, 1881, he was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Thomas A. Becker. Allen then taught English and Greek at Mount St. Mary's until 1882, when he became a curate at the Cathedral of the Holy Cross in Boston.
He was afterwards sent to Framingham, also serving as chaplain of the state reformatory in Sherborn. In 1884, he returned to Mount St. Mary's as its vice-president and treasurer. He was elected president of the same institution in June 1885.
In 1889, he received a Doctor of Divinity degree from Georgetown University. On April 19, 1897, Allen was appointed the fifth Bishop of Mobile, Alabama, by Pope Leo XIII. He received his episcopal consecration on the following May 16 from Cardinal James Gibbons, with Bishops Edward Fitzgerald and Matthew Harkins serving as co-consecrators, in the Cathedral of the Assumption in Baltimore. During Allen's administration, the Catholic population of the diocese increased from 18,000 to 48,000, and the number of priests more than doubled.
He also established several new churches, hospitals, orphanages, and schools. The diocese was devastated by a major hurricane in September 1906. Many churches were either totally or partially destroyed, but were rebuilt or repaired under Allen's direction.
Allen died at age 73, and was buried in the crypt of the Cathedral Basilica of the Immaculate Conception.