Bachelor of Science, Temple University, 1935. Master of Arts, Temple University, 1937. Doctor of Philosophy, Ohio State University, 1942.
Assistant to co-ordinator, also counselor university testing bureau, University of Minnesota, 1939-1942; acting director bureau, University of Minnesota, 1945-1946; personnel technician, ( War Department), 1942-1945; associate professor psychology, Washington State University, 1946-1948; associate professor psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1948-1955; professor, University of Michigan, since 1955.
Member American Psychological Association (president division counseling psychology 1955), American Association for the Advancement of Science, Society for Psychotherapy Research (president 1979, research career award 1985).
Married Ruth Birgitta Anderson, June 2O, 1941. Children– Martha Christine (Mistress Steven A. Hillyard), Charlotte Anna (Mistress Sung P. Lin).