Bachelor of Arts, Moravian College, 1931; Bachelor of Divinity, Moravian Theological Seminary, 1934; School of Theology and Ministry, Lutheran Seminary of Philadelphia, 1944; postgraduate, Yale School Alcohol Studies, summer 1945; postgraduate, Institute Pastoral Care, Boston, summer 1948; S.T.D., Temple University, 1955; honorary Doctor of Divinity, Moravian Theological Seminary, 1960.
Ordained to ministry, Moravian Church in American, 1935;
consecrated bishop, Moravian Church in American, 1966;
pastor parishes in, Virginia, Ohio and Pennsylvania, 1934-1949;
professor practical theology, Moravian Theological Seminary, 1949-1956, 74-88;
director professional studies, Moravian Theological Seminary, 1979-1984. Executive director Board Foreign Missions, Moravian Church, 1956-1974, director career development for deacons, 1974-1976. Denominational representative National Council Churches General Assemblies.
Member directing board Overseas Ministries division National Council Churches. Director Board for Christian Work in Santo Domingo. Chairman publication committee for Moravian Hymnal, 1969.
Trustee Moravian Music Foundation, 1981-1986. Board directors Share-A-Home of Lehigh Valley, 1979-1985. Chaplain Moravian Hall Square Retirement Community, since 1988.
Married Margaret E. Schwarze, July 30, 1937.