Master of Science, Abo Akademi University, Turku, Finland, 1984. Doctor of Philosophy, Abo Akademi University, Turku, Finland, 1995.
Lecturer Abo Akademi University, Turku, since 1987. Research fellow Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Utsunomiya, 1995-1996. Managing director Par-Merc Ekoteknik Ltd.
Company, Parainen, Finland, since 1997.
Councillor City Council, Parainen, Finland, since 1988. With Finnish Military, 1976-1977. Member biomedical Materials and Engineering (editorial advisory board 1996).
Married Virva Heikkinen, June 19, 1982. Children: Paulina, Annamaria.