Studied with, Victor Salvatore. Studied with, A.A. Weinman. Studied with, Robert Aiken, New York City.
Studied with, Harriet Frishmuth, E. McCartan.
Fellow National Sculpture Society (secretary 1936-1940, 1945). Member Pen and Brush, American Artists Professional League (member board since 1959), Allied Artists, Municipal Art Society, North Shore Art Association, Colony Club, Cosmopolitan Club, National Arts Club (New York City), Acorn Club (Philadelphia).