He studied law, was admitted to the bar in March 1824 and commenced practice in Milton.
He received an academic education and moved to Milton, Pennsylvania, in 1816. He moved to Erie, Pennsylvania, in 1826 and continued the practice of law. He served as attorney for the borough and subsequently for the city of Erie.
He was prosecuting attorney for Erie County, Pennsylvania, in 1833 and served as deputy attorney general for the State in 1834 and 1835.
Babbitt was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh Congresses. He was not a candidate for reelection in 1862.
He resumed the practice of law and died in Erie in 1887. He was interred in Erie Cemetery.
He was a member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives in 1836 and 1837 and served in the Pennsylvania State Senate from 1843 to 1846.